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2023 Author: Alex Livingston | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 11:39
A fair number of cats tend to develop diabetes mellitus, which is the inability to produce enough insulin to balance the glucose levels in the blood. If left untreated, diabetes can even lead to the death of the animal. But What are the symptoms of diabetes in cats?
- Polyuria: tendency to urinate more than usual;
- Polyphagia: tendency to eat more than usual, because the body is unable to use the energy supply provided by food;
- Weight loss;
- Polydipsia: tendency to drink a lot and consequently greater ingestion of liquids;
- Dull and dry coat, possibly with dandruff;
- Effort when urinating, sometimes even presence of blood in the urine: it is generally caused by a urinary tract infection that is often accompanied by diabetes;
- Hepatomegaly: increase in the size of the liver;
- "Diabetic foot": reduced mobility of the legs, caused by a peripheral neuropathy which also determines a gait different from normal;
- Eye problems such as cataracts and retinal abnormalities, which can lead to blindness in the long run
At the most advanced stage of untreated diabetes, there is a risk ketoacidosis, manifested by depression, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, dehydration, collapse and coma.
Obese or elderly cats are particularly susceptible to the onset of diabetes, but this is a condition that can also be observed in adults of normal weight. As we have just mentioned, it causes the animal to be unable to produce enough insulin compared to the amount of glucose present in the body: consequently glucose remains in the blood rather than passing to the cells and being transformed into energy.
In particular, in the case of type 2 diabetes (the most common in cats) it is one resistance to insulin by the cells, which in the long run can still lead to insufficient production of the hormone.
If you suspect that your cat has diabetes do not hesitate to take him to the vet before the situation worsens: although the symptoms are quite recognizable, it will be a blood and urine test to ascertain the glucose levels present and arrive at an accurate diagnosis and exclude other diseases that have similar clinical signs.
Diabetes is a chronic but treatable disease, and the most effective therapy is regular administration of insulin by subcutaneous injection once or twice a day. Consult your veterinarian to understand which type of insulin is best suited to your cat and for precise instructions on how and when to proceed with the administration.
In parallel with this type of therapy, it is also important to eliminate or reduce as much as possible the factors that caused the onset of diabetes: make sure your cat is doing the right physical activity and follow one well balanced diet.
The expression Eosinophilic Granuloma Complex (EGC) indicates a specific group of inflammatory skin lesions affecting the cat. In particular, these are 3 different diseases: indolent ulcer, eosinophilic plaque and linear granuloma. In this article we will analyze each of the manifestations of this ailment and indicate them symptoms, causes and treatment .
THE Coccidia in cats they are single-celled microorganisms that live inside the intestine of the feline, are completely invisible to the human eye and grow by feeding on the intestinal walls, multiplying within the epithelial tissues, thus affecting the pet causing the so-called coccidiosis.
There cat scabies is a skin disease caused by several species of mites , some of them normally live on the feline's skin and in hair follicles while others are considered parasites. Skin infection varies from mild to severe depending on how the mites proliferate.
Dandruff is not just a blemish: in cats it can reflect a more serious health problem, and their constant scratching can cause skin lesions. A healthy cat will always have soft skin with no flakes of dandruff or visible irritation. We will tell you here what are the causes, symptoms and remedies for dandruff in cats .
There ringworm of the cat or dermatophytosis it is the most common form of mycosis in cats and consists of an infection caused by a particular type of fungus that grows on the skin and uses the superficial skin tissues, hair and nails as a source of nourishment.