Table of contents:
- Causes of the contagion
- Common symptoms
- Coccidiostatic treatments and drugs for cats
- Transmission of coccidiosis from cats to humans
2023 Author: Alex Livingston | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-26 11:39
THE Coccidia in cats they are single-celled microorganisms that live inside the intestine of the feline, are completely invisible to the human eye and grow by feeding on the intestinal walls, multiplying within the epithelial tissues, thus affecting the pet causing the so-called coccidiosis. This intestinal parasite is very common in kittens and they have two membership groups: Emeria and Isospora, as far as cats are concerned they can usually belong to the Isospora group.
When a feline friend has coccidia it is more accurate to say that he has a form of coccidiosis: the coccidiosis it is a cat disease that should not be underestimated and once discovered precautions must be taken immediately, otherwise it can lead to very serious health conditions.
Causes of the contagion
One of causes of coccidiosis or at least what usually triggers it is the ingestion of contaminated feces: the parasite feeds on the cells of the cat's intestine and is then excreted through the feces. In the event that the parasite manages to reproduce too quickly, the risk for the puppy is to be devoured from the inside and therefore die.
There coccidiosis has an incubation period of 4-7 days and is characterized by symptoms multiform: weight loss, sensory depression, dull hair, inelastic skin, pale mucous membranes, conjunctival catarrh, mild hyperthermia, decreased appetite, thirst, diarrhea of varying severity with the possible presence of blood, meteorism, vomiting; disorders affecting the nervous system are described in kittens: trismus, tendency to bite hard objects, uncoordinated locomotion, muscle tremors, convulsions, paralysis of the posterior train.
Very young cats can be affected by hyperacute coccidiosis, characterized by the appearance of severe hemorrhagic diarrhea. The course in these cases is very rapid and death can occur in 2-3 days.
However, i symptoms of coccidia in cats most common are;
- Exhaustion and loss of appetite
- Fever caused by an increase in body temperature
- Swollen belly and diarrhea
- Character of restless and grumpy cat.
Veterinarians advise: never underestimate this intestinal parasite!
Coccidiostatic treatments and drugs for cats
The right thing to do when you discover that your cat has coccidia is to contact your veterinarian, who after analyzing a stool sample will be able to provide you with the right diagnosis. In the most common cases, to block the coccidia infection gods are administered coccidiostatic drugs (anticoccidia): the drug recommended by our veterinarian is Vetkelfizina 10ml, a syrup for your cat to ingest in small doses once every 24 hours, many cat coccidiosis vets administer Stomorgyl orally, a coccidiostatic treatment which, however, is unappetizing and not easy for the puppy to ingest.
Transmission of coccidiosis from cats to humans
The coccis can be transmitted from cat to man only if contaminated stool is ingested. If your cat lives at home and has been properly sterilized, the chances of contracting the parasite are very low and therefore the chances of contagion also decrease.
To prevent the infection of coccidia it is necessary to use well packaged food, keep the litter box clean and wash your hands well after doing so; infected feces, if removed before 24 hours after expulsion, are not a vehicle for infection!
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